Top Ten Largest Libraries In The World Today I am going to share some interesting facts on the Top Ten Biggest Library in the whole world. A Library is a source of collection of information and useful resources, which made possible to a defined community for the Reference and Borrowing. It provides physical access to material, and it may be a physical building or a particular space. Library’s collection can be including with the books, periodicals, newspapers.
Top Ten Largest Libraries In The World
The four largest libraries in the world hail from English-speaking countries, with the other one rounding out our top 5 being found in Moscow, Russia. With education as our focus here at The Best Colleges, we obviously love libraries. College libraries, public libraries, private libraries
1. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS, WASHINGTON D.C., USA
The Library of the U.S. Congress is the largest library in the United States and the second largest one in the world. The library is a federal institution in Capitol Hill, Washington D.C. with a separate campus, the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center in Virginia. The library houses research material from all parts of the world. 450 languages of the world find their representations in this library. The library was established in Washington, D.C. in 1800, and witnessed several periods of damage and destruction including the ravages created by the British in 1814 during the War of 1812 and a raging fire in 1851. It grew and expanded after the American Civil War, and started accumulating literature and important publications from all across the world. Today, though the library is open to the public for touring, only high profile government officials can access its books and materials. Several projects are undertaken by the library to promote American literature and arts
2. BODLEIAN LIBRARY, OXFORD, UNITED KINGDOM
Established in 1602 as Oxford University’s library, Bodleian is one of the oldest libraries in Europe. The library houses more than 11 million items, including many of historical importance: four copies of the Magna Carta, a Gutenberg Bible, and Shakespeare’s First Folio (from 1623), just to name a few. Though Bodleian comprises multiple buildings, perhaps the most visually interesting is Radcliffe Camera, built in 1737-1749 to house the Radcliffe Science Library. The earliest circular library in England, Radcliffe has outlasted its 15 minutes of fame by appearing in multiple films, including Young Sherlock Holmes, The Saint, The Red Violin, and The Golden Compass.
3. British Library
The British Library is the one of the world’s largest library, and can proudly presents of its collection of nearly 170 million books, manuscripts, magazines, music recordings and scores, patents, databases and many more source of information. This library is the national library of the United Kingdom and it is located in the capital of England. The library was established by the British Library Act in the year of 1972 as an independent entity on July 1st, 1973. Some of the notable collections of this library including the names of the books are- the Diamond Sutra, the earliest printed publication of the world, a notebook of Leonardo da Vinci.This library is extremely famous in terms of opening its doors to all the people with an Identity address proof to access its large number of treasures.
4. Library and Archives, Canada
Canada can proudly claim to host the third largest library in the world, the Library and Archives of Canada which is an institution, located in 395 Wellington Street, Ottawa, maintained directly by the federal Government of the country. The institution is assigned the immense task of preserving Canada’s heritage documentaries and making it available to the people of the country. The current collection includes nearly 20 million books, 24 million photographs, private and government archives, aboriginal magazines, non-fiction and fiction films, Canadian periodicals, and more. Some of the most prized items of the library include the proclamation of the Canadian Constitution Act, a 1st Century book by historian Flavius Josephus, a chair belonging to Glenn Gould, and the British North America Act. The Library and Archives of Canada was formed in 2004 by the amalgamation of the functions performed by the National Library of Canada and the National Archives of Canada and reports directly to the Parliament of the country.
5. New York Public Library
The New York Public Library is the world famous for its large collections of nearly 53 million items including books, periodicals, musical records and other publications and albums. The collections of small and large libraries including the libraries of every book lovers and the wealthy millionaires of New York city which is to be resulted in the creation of its large network of libraries which are recently funded by both government and private institutions. The main branch of this
library is located on Fifth Avenue in New York 42nd Street. In Year of 1965, it was assigned the title of National Historic Landmark of USA. Today, the New York Public Library has consisted of 4 research libraries namely branch libraries in Bronx, State Island and Manhattan and several other smaller libraries attached to it.
6. Russian State Library
The Russian State Library is the fifth largest library in the world, and one where at least one copy of every Russian publication is stored. Today, the library houses 17 million books as well as is a repository for 13 million journals, 150,000 maps, and thousands of musical records and scores. This huge collection of literary and musical work is neatly stored in storage shelves that covers a total distance of 275 kilometers in the library. The Russian State Library is located in the capital city of the country, Moscow and is freely accessible to the public of the country. It was founded on July 1st, 1862.
7. VATICAN LIBRARY, VATICAN CITY, ROME
The Vatican Library, under the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the Catholic Church in Rome, is one of the oldest libraries in the world. Though it was formally established in 1475, its existence in early forms dates back to the origins of the Catholic Church. For nearly 600 years, the library has added to its collection through historic acquisitions, generous bequests, and gracious gifts. The Vatican Library currently holds mor than 1.1 million books, 75,000 manuscripts, and over 8,500 incunabula. Fittingly, the library owns the oldest complete manuscript of the Bible, as well as many other significant works from medieval times.
8. BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY
Established in 1848, Boston Public Library was the first publicly supported library in the United States and, with its present collection of 22 million items, also the second-largest. The Central Library consists of two buildings, the Johnson Building and the McKim Building, which houses the library’s research collection and exhibitions. Built in 1895, McKim contains many beautiful murals, including Edward Abbey’s famous scene depicting the legend of the Holy Grail. The main room of the McKim building — Bates Hall — also features a unique coffered ceiling. More than 1.7 million rarities are included in the research collection at McKim, including medieval manuscripts, incunabula, early Shakespeare that includes a First Folio, colonial Boston records, and a major Daniel Defoe collection. The collection is also home to the libraries of several notable figures in American history, including John Adams, William Lloyd Garrison, and Nathaniel Bowditch.
9. ABBEY LIBRARY OF SAINT GALL
The Abbey Library of Saint Gall is the oldest library in Switzerland. The library’s founder, Saint Othmar, is also credited with establishing an abbey of the same name in 719, known as one of the oldest monastery libraries in the world. Saint Gall is home to roughly 160,000 volumes, including manuscripts dating back to the 8th century. In 1983, the United Nations’ Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization named the library a World Heritage site, calling it a “a perfect example of a great Carolingian monastery”. The library offers online access to many of its holdings through an electronic database though, as a general rule, pre-1900 books can only be read on-site.
10. AUSTRIAN NATIONAL LIBRARY
Much like the Library of Congress in the U.S., the Austrian National Library is responsible for managing the collection of all publications that appear in Austria. Works of special prominence include the world’s foremost Globe collection, rare books dating from the 4th century, a UNESCO Memory of the World Programme item (the Vienna Dioscurides, a 6th-century illuminated manuscript exploring medicine and healing), and a map collection that dates back to the 16th century. Originally housed in the Prunksaal, the library is currently located at Hofburg Palace and the baroque Palais Mollard-Clary, housing 7.4 million items within its comprehensive collection.
It consists of Meaning of the Library, more collections of books and of course the years of its establishment to recall the history. If there is any Query or Question persist. Then, please feel free to comment your view points.